Acceleration the increase in the rate of speed of something
Adaptation When a product or system is changed or innovated to meet a new purpose it is adapted
Advertisement A visual, auditory, multimedia or print announcement or notice that is intended to make a consumer aware of, or interested in purchasing a particular product.
Advertisement a notice or announcement in a public medium promoting a product, service, or event or publicizing a job vacancy.
Amenities feature that provides comfort, convenience, or pleasure
Assembly the action of fitting together the component parts of a machine or other objects
Assembly Drawing A drawing that shows how part or all of a machine or structure is put together
Assembly Line a series of workers and machines in a factory by which a succession of identical items is progressively assembled
Border Thick lines that go around the perimeter ot the sheet used for drawing
Brainstorming A term used to describe the process of trying to generate a variety of ideas to meet a particular need or solve a problem.
Brand Loyalty When a consumer generally purchases products or services from or made by the same manufacturer.
Breakdown When a component or system is not functional, is worn out or used
Campaign an organized course of action to promote a product or service.
Carbon Dioxide A chemical compound composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. It is often referred to by its formula CO2. It is present in the Earth's atmosphere at a low concentration and acts as a greenhouse gas
Carbon Footprint measure of the impact on the environment in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide
Center Lines A real or imaginary line through the center of something.
Closed System one which has feedback. The feedback may come a variety of forms including ratings
Commercial a television or radio advertisement
Component Individual parts of the system are called components.
Compression A force that squeezes a material
Computer Control A manufacturing procedure that allows a designer to develop and program a piece of equipment to complete parts using the computer to control the machine components.
Constraint These are factors that govern or limit the system. They may be physical and biological constraints, but also economic, political, ethical, and aesthetic ones
Constraints Limitations or restrictions
Control Systems are integrated into another system in the function of that system. They may also be used in the building of a system.
Controls These components are part of a system that determine how it functions and how the components interact.
Culture The behavior, attitude or beliefs of a particular group that one identifies with
Custom Manufacturing a process that involves specialization in the process of creating a specific product. The completed product is created in small batches or individually to meet a specific need rather than for mass production and sales.
Customer Service Providing a service experience to the consumer before, during, and after a purchase such as helping someone to decide on a product, treating the customer with respect during the sale and providing replacement parts.
Dimension Line Thin continuous lines with an arrowhead at both ends. Dimensions are written on top of these lines.
Drag Air resistance
Durable Goods Goods not for immediate consumption and able to be kept for a period of time - usually more than 3 years.
Eco-friendly a term often used to refer to a product that is considered to inflict minimal harm on the environment
Engineering Design Journal A book for sketches and comments to help the designer improve the solution to the problem.
Engineering Design Process (9 steps) 1. Define the Problem 2. Research and Gather Information 3. Brainstorming 4. Chose the Best Solution 5. Prototype the solution 6. Test the solution 7. Evaluate 8. Redesign 9. Share
Engineering Design Team A group of people working together to develop a solution to a problem.
Feedback Information given about the output of the system is feedback.
Fins a thin, protruding piece of metal whose function is to provide aerodynamic stabilization when the rocket is in flight
Flow Chart A flow chart is a specific kind of visual representation of a system. Specific symbols are used to represent specific kinds of components such as inputs.
Force strength or energy as an attribute of physical action or movement
Friction the resistance that one surface or object encounters when moving over another
Front View The view of a 3D object from the front. One of the three main views.
Fulcrum the point on which a lever rests or is supported and on which it pivots
Functionality The quality of a product or service that meets the needs or purpose of the consumer well.
G Force a form of acceleration that causes the accelerating object to experience a force acting in the opposite direction to the acceleration
Gears one of a set of toothed wheels that work together to alter the relation between the speed of a driving mechanism (such as the engine of a vehicle or the crank of a bicycle) and the speed of the driven parts (the wheels)
Gravity the force that attracts a body toward the center of the earth
Hidden Lines Dashed lines used to represent surfaces that are not directly visible in the orthographic view.
Human made environmental Problems Environmental problems that are caused or created as a direct result of human activity
Impact The effect or influence of one thing on another. Some impacts are anticipated, and others are unanticipated
Inclined Plane Any slope or ramp that makes it easier to lift something
Inertia continues in its existing state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line, unless that state is changed by an external force
Innovation is the process of modifying an existing product to improve it.
Innovation An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something
Input An input is something that goes into a system, such as money, time, communication, etc
Integration In the systems model, integration refers to components or systems working together
Interaction The direct effect that one component or subsystem has on another system.
Invention is a process of turning ideas and imagination into devices and systems.
Isometric View A method for visually representing 3D objects in two dimensions. The three coordinate axes appear equally.
Jingle a short slogan, verse, or tune designed to be easily remembered, especially as used in advertising.
Leader Line thin continuous lines that indicate where dimensions, notees, and item numbers apply. The line has an arrowhead at one end and a short horizontal line at the other with the dimension written on top. These are usualy seen with circles.
Lever A rod balanced on a fixed point that can help lift a heavy weight with less effort
Lift The force opposite of gravity
Load Forces applied to a structure
Machine an apparatus using or applying mechanical power and having several parts, each with a definite function and together performing a particular task
Malfunction When a component or system is not functional, is worn out or used or no longer working properly
Manufacturing make (something) on a large scale using machinery
Model A three-dimensional representation of a product or system.
Motto a short sentence or phrase chosen as encapsulating the beliefs or ideals guiding an individual, family, or institution.
Nature the natural, physical, or material world or universe
Nature made environmental problems Environmental problems/tragedies that occur which are outside of the control of humans
Need Something you have to have to survive
Negative Advertisement an approach to advertising that focuses on negative aspects of a rival product or candidate;
Non-durable goods Products that are consumed or only useable for a short period of time.
Object Lines Solid lines that depict features of the actual object
Obsolete A product that is no longer in use, old-fashioned or out of date. It is important to note that the product can be functional, but it becomes unfashionable or unusable due to product needs. For example, a cassette tape player may be functional but it becomes unusable because cassette tapes are no longer produced.
Open System An open system is one that does not have feedback. The inputs are processed
Orthographic Projection Drawing A drawing that represents a three-dimensional object using several two-dimensional views of the object.
Outcome The compiled results of the completed survey
Output An output is what comes out of the process or completed process
Plane a flat surface on which a straight line joining any two points on it would wholly lie
Population In surveys, the entire group that could possibly represent the kind of people that the researcher would like to study is called the population.
Process A process is something that happens to or with the inputs.
Product A tangible artifact produced by means of either human or mechanical work, or by biological or chemical processes
Product Placement a practice in which manufacturers of goods or providers of a service gain exposure for their products by paying for them to be featured in movies and television programs
Production the action of making or manufacturing from components or raw materials
Projection Lines Thin continuous lines that come away from the drawing at the feature being sized
Proof of Concept A test of an idea demonstrated by a completed prototype showing how an object or system will function.
Prototype The original model of a product or system, used to plan production and troubleshoot problems.
Pulley Uses wheels and a rope to raise, lower, or move a load
Resonance When the frequency of its oscillations matches its natural frequency of vibration. In other words, this means that if a structure begins to vibrate in a violent manner, it’s liable to fail mechanically and this can quickly lead to its total destruction
Resources anything that provides support or supplies
Response Rate The number of people who complete the entire survey as is was administered. For example if a survey was mailed to 10 people, and only 8 of those people sent it back complete, the response rate would be 8
Right Side View The view of a 3D object from the right side. One of the three main views.
Robotics A machine that is capable of doing the work of a person, controlled by programming or hardware to complete a specific task, often one that is repetitive, difficult or dangerous for a person. For example a robotic arm on an assembly line can weld in places that are difficult or dangerous for a person to be.
Rocket a cylindrical projectile that can be propelled to a great height or distance by the combustion of its contents
Scale The scale is the way that the participants can respond and how those responses are recorded or categorized. Such as yes, moderatley agree, disagree, etc
Scale Drawing A drawing that represents a person, place, object or system and is proportional to the original item. For example, it is possible to draw a full size, accurately measured drawing of a house, but it is much easier to use a scaled drawing to convey ideas.
Science The study of the natural world through observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanations.
Screw An inclined plane wrapped into a spiral
Service In this case service is referring to the continued customer service after a sale such as visiting a home to repair a malfunctioning appliance.
Slogan a short and striking or memorable phrase used in advertising.
Social Humans as they interact with each other based on their community and people around them are reacting socially to their surroundings.
Specifications is an explicit set of requirements, usually involving measurements, to be satisfied by a material, product, or service
Speed the rate at which someone or something is able to move or operate
State of the Art The most current, highest level of development in a product service or system now.
Stay Towers with cables to support a bridge
STEM The integration of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math in teaching and learning
Storyboard a sequence of drawings, typically with some directions and dialogue, representing the shots planned for a movie or television production
Subsystem A smaller system that is part of larger system such as a braking system being part of the larger system of a car.
Subsystem This is a system contained inside another system or group of systems. An example of this would be the sink in your kitchen working within the system of overall plumbing in your house.
Survey A survey is a specific type of interview that can be given through a variety of sources. Surveys can be paper-based, coming through the mail, given out in a public place, etc. They can be given online through e-mail, etc. They can be given online through e-mail, social media or a survey website, or they may be given as face-to-face interviews. The questions or items are designed to be asked in the same way every time to get the most reliable results.
Survey Instrument A survey instrument is a questionnaire or interview sheet that has been developed to be used to collect data from a specific group of people.
Survey Item a question, phrase or statement that is asked, on paper, on the computer or in person to the person completing the survey.
Survey Sample In general, the people that a survey would like responses from are a much larger group than could be reasonably surveyed. Many surveys are administered to a smaller group of the population that the survey would like to measure that is selected randomly to achieve a certain number.
Synthetic Substance made by a chemical process
System A system is a group of parts that work together as a unit.
Task A piece of work to be done
Technology Systems Model Input -> process -> output <- Feedback <-
Technology The innovation, change, or modification of the natural environment to satisfy human needs and wants.
Tension A force that stretches a meterial
Thrust the propulsive force of a jet or rocket engine
Thumbnail Sketch A small pictorial representation of an idea for a completed project. They are often completed in multiples during brainstorming.
Tolerances An acceptable variance from a specified measurement. Used to determine minimum and maximum
Top View The view of a 3D object from the top. One of the three main views.
Troubleshooting The process of finding problems or malfunctions within a system and correcting them to restore system functionality.
Visual Representation In this case a visual representation of a system refers to a chart or diagram of the system.
Want Something to make our lives easier or more entertaining
Want Ad a classified advertisement in a newspaper or magazine; a small ad
Warehouse A storage facility for goods and services, a central location for shipping
Warranty A written guarantee or promise from the manufacturer to the consumer to repair or replace a product if it proves to be faulty.
Wedge Made of 2 inclined planes and used to push objects apart
Wheel and axle Used to carry loads around easily for long distances with less effort
Work activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a purpose or result